The Apollo mission took just three days to reach the moon. Chandrayaan-3 will take 40 days to reach the moon. Chandrayaan-3 will try to reach the lunar surface using catapult technology.
Chandrayaan-3 Mission: ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-3 mission on 14 July. In just 17 minutes, Chandrayaan-3 had left the Earth and reached the Earth’s orbit. Chandrayaan-3 is continuously moving forward in the Earth’s orbit. On August 23, Chandrayaan-3 will attempt a soft landing on the south pole of the moon. Chandrayaan-3 mission will take about 40 days to reach the moon. Although NASA’s Apollo mission reached the surface of the moon in just 3 days. Let’s try to know why the Apollo mission took so little time.
How did Apollo reach the moon in 3 days?
NASA launched the Apollo-11 mission almost 50 years ago today. It took only 3 days to reach the lunar surface. At the same time, ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 will take more than 40 days to reach the lunar surface. Let us tell you that the Apollo mission took off from Cape Kennedy on 16 July 1969. It was successful in reaching the moon in just 3 days. The Saturn-5 rocket took off on the Apollo mission. Saturn-5 rocket is a powerful rocket, its payload is also very high. Saturn-5 first successfully delivered Apollo-11 to the Earth’s orbit and after that, burning a single engine, directly delivered Apollo to the Moon’s orbit.
Why will Chandrayaan-3 take so long?
Chandrayaan-3 will take 40 days to reach the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-3 will not go directly to the Moon’s orbit. First Chandrayaan-3 has gone into Earth’s orbit. From here it is gradually increasing its speed and when the distance between the Earth and the Moon is minimum, it will try to successfully reach the Moon by using the Earth’s gravity. ISRO chief has told that on August 5, Chandrayaan-3 will reach the moon’s orbit. According to ISRO, we do not have such a powerful rocket that can send Chandrayaan-3 directly to the moon’s orbit.
Chandrayaan-3 has been launched from LVM-3 rocket. This rocket is also called Bahubali rocket, but this rocket is also not so powerful that it can directly take Chandrayaan-3 to the moon’s orbit. That’s why catapult technology has been used in Chandrayaan-3. Under this technique, an attempt will be made to reach the moon’s orbit using the gravity of the earth. Using this technology, you will be able to reach the moon with less fuel and less money. But the biggest drawback of this process is that it takes a long time to reach the moon and the mission has to go through a complicated process. This technique is called Lunar Transfer Trajectory. Mangalyaan was sent to the orbit of Mars using this technique.