UPA History: Why was there a need for UPA? Which parties were involved, know its complete history

The date of 2024 Lok Sabha elections is getting closer. The political heat has started rising in the country. Both UPA and NDA have called meetings of their respective supporting parties.

A strategy is being prepared for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections in the ongoing meeting of opposition parties in Bengaluru. After the first round meeting held in Patna, now the second round meeting has been called in Bengaluru. 26 parties have participated in this meeting. In this meeting, a common minimum program is to be prepared for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Sources say that the new name of UPA is also being discussed in this meeting. The question is arising whether the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) will be renamed? After all, why there was a need to form the UPA and why it is being discussed about its new name, let us understand it in detail.

When was UPA formed?

No party got an absolute majority in the 2004 Lok Sabha elections. In this election, Bijeri and its allies won 181 seats and the Congress and its supporting parties won 218 seats. The Congress sought the support of the Left parties and laid the foundation of the UPA. 59 MPs of the Left Front promised to support the UPA from outside. Along with 39 MPs of Samajwadi Party, 19 MPs of Bahujan Samajwadi Party also supported UPA. West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti Basu formulated the Common Minimum Program to run a coalition government at the Centre. Dr. Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister in the UPA government. The UPA-1 government ran from 2004 to 2009. However, in the year 2008, when there was a civil nuclear deal between India and America, the Left party withdrew its support from the UPA government. After this no confidence motion was brought. Although the UPA government was saved from falling.


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Many allegations of scams on UPA-2

Even in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, no party got absolute majority. While the UPA won 206 seats, the NDA was reduced to 116 seats. With external support, the UPA government was formed again and Manmohan Singh was once again sworn in as the Prime Minister. The BJP made many allegations of scams on the UPA-2 government. Meanwhile, the Manmohan Singh government was accused of scams ranging from the 2G spectrum scam to the Commonwealth Games. Before the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, many parties broke the alliance with the UPA and entered the election field alone. In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the UPA could win only 60 seats. Since then there is NDA government at the center. In the year 2019, the UPA could win only 91 seats, while the Congress party could win only 52 seats.

How is the UPA alliance performing in the state?

In the three state elections held in 2014, the UPA alliance could win only one election. The UPA has won only three states out of the assembly elections held between 2015 and 2023. On the other hand, the UPA government is currently in 7 states. Talking about the present time, more than 20 parties are in alliance in UPA. Leaders of 26 parties have attended the meeting being held in Bengaluru.


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